Here is a short summary of the MSc International Banking and Financial Studies masters degree course offered by the Management School at the University of Southampton to help would-be students to decide whether it is the course for them.

This International Banking and Financial Studies masters course aims to develop students’ existing skills through advanced study in the areas of banking and finance, with a particular emphasis on the international context in which these activities occur.

The International Banking and Financial Studies masters programme gives you a coherent theoretical framework for the various subject areas, although the emphasis throughout is on the practical application of financial techniques in the modern financial services environment.

Southampton Management School has an excellent international reputation for the analytical study of management and business. Studying the MSc International Banking and Financial Studies masters programme will introduce you to new concepts and knowledge, which can make all the difference in the job market.

At the Management School, all our degrees are taught by research-active academics who are also directly tackling business challenges outside the seminar room and putting theory into practice every day.

The International Banking and Financial Studies masters degree course is led by Dr. Gerhard Kling, who is a senior lecturer in Finance at the University of Southamptons Management School.

Gerhard received his PhD in Economics from the University of Tuebingen (Germany) and joined Utrecht University (The Netherlands) as Assistant Professor of Finance and Financial Markets (2004-2006).

In 2006, he went into the private sector and worked as Practice Specialist in Corporate Finance & Banking (McKinsey & Company, Germany) (2006-2007). Then he returned into academia and joined Bristol Business School (UWE, UK) as Senior Lecturer in Strategy (2007-2009).

In 2009, Gerhard was promoted to a Principal Lecturer in Strategy and Operations Management (2009-2010). On 1st October 2010 he joined the University of Southampton as a Senior Lecturer in Finance.
Southampton Management School has an excellent international reputation for the analytical study of management and business. Studying an MSc Management masters degree, or other postgraduate option, will introduce you to new concepts and knowledge, which can make all the difference in the job market.
All our degrees are taught by research-active academics who are also directly tackling business challenges outside the seminar room and put theory into practice every day.

To find out more about this International Banking and Financial Studies masters degree go to www.southampton.ac.uk/management

A hardship letter is the most important piece of document required to apply for loan modification. Its substance and validity will make or break an attempt for a loan workout. This is a letter basically contains an explanation why there is a difficulty of settling mortgage amortization. It is only fitting to compose this letter carefully.

When writing a hardship letter, its important to remember to keep it short, concise but not arrogant. A one to two pages maximum letter is strongly advised. Take note that a lender does not have the luxury of time to read a novel-like hardship letter. This letter serves as outline of ones difficulty to pay for periodic amortization, so it should be direct.

Like any letter, begin with a proper salutation, use font type and size reasonably easier to read. Letter size or 8.5 by 11 inches will be the papers size; otherwise an A4 sized paper can be used.

Bear also in mind that there is a clear definition of the term “hardship” for availing loan modification. Such hardship should fall under listed by mortgage lenders. Such as bankruptcy of business, immediate relocation, or divorce from a spouse who is the co-borrower. There are still more to this, to be sure homeowners should check with their lender.

In the actual writing, the first sentence should tell why such letter is written. This may include the explanation that after all possible ways were exhausted theres still failure to meet with mortgage payments. Much of this should be in the first paragraph of the letter.

The second paragraph should describe the events that affected failure to make regular payments. This description should be done tastefully without being overly dramatic. Overly thought out explanation might appear deliberate and fake. Additional paragraph might be added to explain the intent for loan modification pursuant to financial difficulty.

It is also wise to give approximate, if not exact, duration of the hardship period. This will be the basis for the mortgage lenders to get a head start with its response for loan modification. The last paragraph should emphasize the desire to settle the loan, but asking for leeway, for the time being.

Then end the letter with parting words hoping for a loan modification, which will be favorable to both parties. It is also wise to mention about attachments to the hardship letter, which are proofs of financial difficulty claim.

As a small business owner, it is very important to project the best of your business and impress your callers. The auto attendant VoIP phone system can make your small business sound more professional. It has extensive advanced call handling features incorporated into it to manage all your business calls efficiently and make your business look like a Fortune 500 company.

Sphisticated Call Handling Service

Without the support of a live telephone operator, the auto attendant can perform all call handling functions reliably and efficiently. Callers are greeted with professional sounding welcome messages. These messages can be personalized to present your business in a professional manner. Calls are managed through interactive, impressive voice responses as their calls are connected to extension lines.

As an initial interface in call management, it is possible to connect calls to the required extensions using a menu of options including dial by extension, dial by name, dial by department or zero out to live operator. With these professional phone services offered by the virtual receptionist, the callers will feel like they are interacting with an established company.

Useful VoIP Auto Attendant Solutions

The auto attendant offers impressive call management features which include:

Find-me/Follow-me call forwarding If you are traveling or in some distant location, the calls to your office will be efficiently redirected to the given cell numbers, home phones or other personal numbers. Calls to a certain phone extension will be routed through the predefined list one by one, until someone attends the call.
Voicemail to Email If any calls are unattended, they will be automatically directed to the voice mail boxes of these phone systems. These voice messages will be further forwarded to your email account. The call forwarding system of the PBX system offers your workers a lot of independence as they can work from home or any other convenient location.
Music on Transfer You can upload music-on-hold facility to facilitate your callers, when the calls are being transferred to a different extension.
Features and functionalities are not just limited to these. Other functionalities include groups, conference rooms, call queues and much more. The auto attendant phone system to makes your small business sound more professional and credible.

Investment banking is a widely accepted phenomenon presently, the major reason being expert advice provided at every step you need to take. Financial giants take the responsibility of making sure your money grows avoiding the risk of down fall. Today every person at some point or the other thinks about investing some amount of money in the stock market. A major worry of all these people is the uncertainty; investment banking beats these blues and offers best possible investment advice to its customers.

A major chunk of people involved in investment banking do not have the time to keep an eye on the ever changing markets and track their returns. In such cases arises the need for investment banking services. These companies do all the hard work of market research and analysis and advice investors on where to put their money for maximum returns. This also depends upon the amount of money the person is willing to investment.

There are many sectors in which investment banking is being carried out, few of them include retail healthcare, insurance and automobiles. Another emerging trend in this banking is that of equity investments. Equity investment banking is based on the dividends of the existing shares an individual holds. There are expert advisors who guide the movement of funds here as well so that there are no last moment disappointing surprises.

When it comes to investing money not all have the perfect knack hence it is always good to seek help of an expert investment banking company or equity investment banking services. Money after all is a crucial issue and you would always want to see it grow systematically. Another advantage of investment experts is they help you understand the market well. You get to know where your money is going and the reason behind it too. These services do come with at some extra cost but are sure to give you peaceful night sleeps and not make check the stock market prices every now and then. Let the experts do their job so that you can relax and reap the benefits.

Choosing the right financial advisor is also important in such cases. Also reading the fine print before finalizing anything is advised as there are many terms and conditions that come along with investment banking. You can take reviews of family members, friends, colleagues etc in deciding which and choose. There are numerous financial institutions and each one of them is offering investment banking services due to its rising demand.

The CIS and Russian classified website owners-to-be should now rejoice, because some good news is headed their way. To be more specific, the intrepid classified software script developers of Works for Web have now included the Yandex.Money API module add-on in all their top scripting products, which include the iRealty, iAuto, and iLister programs as well as variants like the iLister Pets and iAuto Bikes.

This module is a continuation of WorksforWebs efforts to provide unique regional experience for classified website owners, while preserving the worldwide universality of the classified solutions.
The module comes in line with the RTL template sets for the Middle East market, country packages for UK, Australia, New Zealand, and Canada. This time, it is the regional payment scheme exclusive for the Russian Federation and CIS countries.

There are many advantages to having the Yandex.Money payment gateway module added to WorksforWeb products. Chief among them is the fact that Russian consumers could now offer Yandex.Money (.) as a payment option without going through custom integration of payment gateways native to the country. Furthermore, unlike non-region-specific international payment systems, Yandex.Money API is also partnered with all sorts of national and local banks within the CIS and Russian Federation region, which ensures payment convenience for a vast majority of Russian WorksforWeb classified website owners.

The Yandex.Money module ensures that all Russian WorksforWeb.com customers will be catered to regardless of their choice in banks or their location within CIS countries or the Russian Federation. It is no wonder that CIS and Russian Federation users specifically requested for the inclusion of payment gateways like Yandex.Money.

Indeed, a Russian regional payment gateway such as Yandex.Money has a number of advantages over international ones primarily because depositing and withdrawing payments via Yandex.Money API is extremely easy for customers. Additionally, there is no need to worry about currency exchange rates because all payments conducted with Yandex.Money come in Russian Roubles.

Russian and CIS residents will enjoy a secure payment system with multiple protective layers and defensive measures that ensure that the transaction data remain safe and private. Yandex.Money supports payment deposits and withdrawals from a vast network of banks, payment institutions, and payment integration solutions within the Russian Federation or in the majority of CIS countries.

Obviously, the absence of language barriers is an important benefit to the residents of this huge landmass in Europe and Asia. WorksforWebs solutions feature easy-to-configure Yandex.Money module settings, and the registration procedure to sign up for the service is straightforward enough to be done by most novices.

As of today, the Russian customers are among the first to benefit from the convenience of having their own standardized payment gateway for all WorksforWeb classified software scripts. However, other modules that target specific regions, countries are also coming up in the very near future to give the customers even more reasons to choose the best classifieds software solutions from WorksForWeb.

Any business, no matter how big or how small, starts out with an idea. The ideas were non-tangible things that entrepreneurs started up into real live businesses. Similarly, home based business entrepreneurs need ideas to start up. Perhaps you can take these ideas and turn them into money making businesses? Anyone with a computer, the internet, and a pulse can make them happen.

Idea #1: Start up a home based business by selling things on E-bay. Research what is selling on E-bay and get involved in that niche by buying wholesale and selling for profit. Learn the tips and tricks of how to effectively sell on E-bay and how to maximize your profits.

Idea #2: Find out about a topic that people want information on and would pay for that kind of information. Write an e-book or a report that contains the information that the people are looking for, and then sell it.

Idea #3: Buy or otherwise obtain private label rights products/articles/books/etc. You can do whatever you please with these. You can rewrite the books to your own taste and resell it for 100% profit. If you have a lot of PLR articles about a certain topic, you could compile those into a book for reselling.

Idea #4: Start up your own online store. More and more people are buying things online, so you could cash in on this. What exactly would you like to sell and to who would you sell it to?

Idea #5: Build websites for other people. Some people are too afraid to learn programming with HTML, no matter how many books they read or how many courses they take. You might have experience with websites or you can learn HTML from free resources. I know someone who got paid $75 for designing just one site, so there’s money to be made in this field.

Idea #6: Another home based business for an entrepreneur to start up is a service-based business. Perhaps you know how to get a complete idiot’s site to the top 10 search engine rankings for a certain keyword. There are people will pay money for that, you just have to put your business in front of them. Perhaps you can give consulting services in a certain area, or can do other services that people outsource. What other services can you think of that you can provide for money?

Idea #7: This is a popular one: join an affiliate program, and and get into the business of affiliate marketing. You promote products from these affiliate programs, and get paid commissions when you refer sales and sign-ups. If you can’t create your own product or service you should look into this.

These are seven great ideas for entrepreneur start up. But these are just a tiny sample as to what kinds of ideas are available to be turned into home based businesses. Use one of these ideas, or come up with your own, and start your own business.

New ecommerce entrepreneurs can find them confused and confounded by the tax and accounting requirements of their venture. And thats a shame: If someones spotted a great new category and successfully built a web presence, heck, that someone shouldnt find themselves bogged down with the accounting minutia. The entrepreneur should focus on increasing traffic, expanding margins, and growing cash profits.

With that in mind, I offer up the following tax and accounting tips:

Tip #1: Dont Incorporate

A true corporationwhether a C corporation or an S corporationsaddles your business with more complicated tax accounting and a bunch of state filing requirements. You dont want to deal with this redtapeor at least not until youre profitable.

Instead, operate your business as a sole proprietorship. If youre concerned about legal liability protection, note that you can setup a one-owner limited liability company, or LLC. A one owner LLC is treated as a sole proprietorship for income tax purposes.

Tip #2: Start Your Business Before Making Investments

Expenditures you make before youre actually in business-in other words, before youve got a business license and before youre selling or trying to sell your stuffarent very deductible.

Specifically, you can probably deduct the first $5,000 of these expenses. But any amounts in excess of the $5,000 must be amortized over the next fifteen years.

What this means is that you want to start your business before you start spending money on advertising, training, web development, accountants and lawyers and so on.

Tip #3: Automate Your Bookkeeping & Accounting

By lawand some people dont know thisyoure required to maintain an accounting system that lets you clearly measure your income. As a practical matter, this means you need to use a product like Quicken or QuickBooks.

But you ought to go one better than simply using desktop accounting software. Make sure that youre taking advantage of online banking and bill payment features which integrate your accounting system with your banking. As much as is possible, for example, you want to be able to move money from PayPal to your bank to QuickBooks simply by typing a few keys or clicking your mouse a few times.

Tip #4: Hire a Payroll Service Before Hiring Employees

Many successful ecommerce business owners can run their operations without employees. And if thats true for you, hey, congratulations. If and when you do need employees, however, dont try to handle the payroll yourself. Oursource the payroll to one of the large payroll service bureaus like ADP, Payroll, or QuickBooks.

These services are expensive. Figure $1000 to $2000 per year. But the services let you avoid the bookkeeping nightmare called payroll and prevent you from getting into payroll tax trouble.

Tip #5: Consider S Corporation Status After Youre Profitable

Ive written and talked much about how S corporations save taxpayers money and how the right way to set up an S corporation is first create a limited liability company and then ask the IRS to treat the LLC as an S corporation for tax purposes.

The internet has made it easier for anyone with the characteristics of an entrepreneur to fire their bosses, work less, have more time, and make money online. If that sounds like something that interests you, here’s how to get into a home based internet business that’s right for you.

First, You Must Believe

Few people become a success by accident. You can’t assume the role of an entrepreneur unless you think like an entrepreneur. And one thing a successful entrepreneur never thinks about is failure.

Jeff Bezos of Amazon.com has a net worth of over 4.85 billion dollars. Pierre Omidyar, the founder of eBay, has over 7 billion dollars in the bank. And while you may not end up earning what these online business entrepreneurs earn, there is absolutely no reason why you can’t take one of the top online business ideas and turn it into a very healthy income.

Here are 5 basic steps to launching a business opportunity that will make money on the internet online:

1.Find something in demand and sell it. Even in the worst of times people still spend money. The only difference is, they are more choosey about what they spend it on. If you can offer a product that people need, no matter what the economy is like, you’re on to a winning formula.

2.Make sure you team up with a business that is not MLM. You need to focus your energies on keeping yourself motivated and productive. It just wastes your time when you have to babysit downline members who aren’t as motivated as you are.

3.Look for a unique online business opportunity that isn’t over-represented. It takes a lot of time, energy and money to compete against established competitors who already own a huge share of the online home business internet market. Find a good niche and serve it well.

4.Work less; work smart. Find an online internet home based business that offers you the ability to automatically prospect for customers and that gives you the tools to make sales online without having to interact with your customers directly.

5.Finally, make sure you choose real business opportunities online that do not exploit the opportunity seeker. There are plenty of scams out there. Do your due diligence and choose a company you can trust.

Ready to change your life?

There’s money to be made owning a home based internet business. Choose yours and get started!

Bank foreclosed homes are often offered at almost half their original market value. The longer they have been in the market, the more chances a buyer will have of negotiating for a low purchase price. However, these homes also often come with repair needs that can reach up to tens of thousands of dollars.

Impact of Home Condition on Price

Buyers should not expect banks and bank agents to tell them the extent of repairs required by the house, so it is their responsibility to find out how far the dwelling has deteriorated and to identify the areas that need adjustments. The more they know about the extent of repairs needed, the better they will be able to negotiate for an appropriate price.

People who have skills in home repairs would have an advantage since they can work on fixes themselves and would not need to hire someone else to do the work. That would be additional savings for them.

What Could Bring Costs Up

There are certain areas of bank foreclosed homes that would cost more to repair than other aspects. One of the most expensive repair jobs is home foundation. If the foundation of a dwelling has deteriorated to a point that it needs to be totally replaced, then buyers should not bother. This means that practically the whole house would have to be torn down to shore up the foundations. No matter how cheap the purchase price is, the cost of replacing foundations would not be worth the money and the trouble.

Plumbing, electrical and sewer systems that need to be replaced can also eat into the budget. If these systems require total overhaul, buyers should look somewhere else. HVAC and central airing systems are also expensive projects that might cost as much as half of the total purchase of the house. Roofs that need to be totally stripped will also entail costs that can reach up to tens of thousands.

When viewing bank foreclosed homes, a buyer should have a professional house inspector at hand. They might think that they are getting a bargain, but there are things, particularly inside the house, that might require excessive expenses that buyers can hardly afford.

Test Bank is effective for the students because it provides the necessary questions and their answers for the students for their preparation for the exam. It provides the different types of questions and their answers. The answers are solved out thoroughly. They are very much helpful for the students. There probable questions and their answers. They are solved out in the test bank. Test bank is popular. Students can get help from the test bank. They can make their preparation for the exam also. It can be considered as reference book also. The students are happy to get the test bank.

Test Bank is very much effective for the students because it provides the various important questions and their answers. It makes the students much confident because it covers the whole syllabus and it provides various questions and their answers. Students are very much helpful to get adequate help from the test bank. It makes their concept on the respective subject well. The students are in great advantage. They are getting additional help from the test bank. They are very much happy and confident. Test bank makes them successful for the exam.

Test bank is very much helpful for the teachers also because they can get the idea from the question bank about the different questions and their answers. They can refer the test bank for additional preparation for the exam. It is a collection of various questions and their answers. It is very much needed by both of the students and teachers. Test bank is universally approved by all renowned teachers.

Student needs Test Bank because they are in great demand of important questions and their answers for the last moment preparation for the exam. Test bank is very much professionally written. It covers the every aspect which matters for the quality answers. The answers are precise but to the point and of high quality. Student can score high marks and they can make their position high in the class.

About The Author

Christopher Ameji has been associated with providing the content on different kinds of solutions manuals for all the US & international textbooks. The author is primarily dedicated to providing the sources that help the students get the answers to their both even & odd problems given in their textbooks.To visit for Test Bank.